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Cataloging

Official Lists

USMARC Format for Bibliographic and Authority Data Initial Definite and Indefinite Articles
in order by article

Unofficial Lists

LANGUAGE    Non-filing Articles
Afrikaans   Die, 'n
Albanian    Nje, nji
Arabic      al-, el-
Catalan     El, Els, L', Les, Un, Una
Danish      De, Den, Det, Di, En, Et
Dutch       De, Een, Ene, Het, 'n, sl, 't
English     A, An, The
Esperanto   La
French      L', La, Le, Les, Un, Une [Un(e) can also mean "one"]
Gaelic (Scots and Irish)  An, Na
German      Das, Der, Die, Ein, Eine [Ein(e) can also mean "one"] [der can also mean "he who"]
Greek, Classical  Hai, He, Ho, Hoi, Ta, To
Greek, Modern  Haim He, Heis, Hen, Hena, Henas, Ho, Hoi, Mia, Ta, To
Hebrew      ha, he-, ho-
Hungarian   A, Az, egy
Icelandic   Hi, Hin, Hinar, Hinir, Hinn, Hio
Italian     Gl', Gli, I, Il, L;, La, Le, Lo, Un, Un', Una, Uno
Malagasy    Ny
Manx        Ny, Y, Yn
Maori       he, nga, ngaa, te
Norwegian   De, Dei, Den, Det, Ei, Ein, Eit, En, Et
Persion     al-
Portuguese  A, As, O, Os, Um, Uma
Provencal, Modern  L', La, Li, Lis, Lo, Lou, Lu, Un, Una, Uno
Provencal, Old  Il, L', La, Las, Le, Les, Lh. Lhi, Li, Lo, Los, Una,
                Uns, Us
Romanian   O, Un, Una
Spanish    El, La, Las, Lo, Los, Un, Una
Swedish    De, Den, Det, En, Ett
Turkish    al-, Bir [al- is article only in Ottoman Turkish when written in Arabic]
Welsh      Y, Yr
Yiddish    A, An, Das, Der, Di, Die, Dos, Eyn, Eyne

 

Pacific Rim languages:

LANGUAGE        LANG CODE   ARTICLES
Fijian           fij        a, ai i, ko, na, nai, o
Gilbertese       gil        taian, te
Hawaiian         haw        he, ka ke, na [macron over a], `o, `o ka,
                            `o ke, `o na [macron over a]
Kapingamarangi   map        di
Mangarevan       map        ko, te
Maori            mao        a, he, ko nga [macron over a], ngaa, te
Niuean           niu        e, ko, tau
Nukuoro          map        te
Rarotongan       rar        au, e au, ko, te
Samoan           sao        le, nai, ni, o, se, si
Tahitian         tah        e, mau, te
Tokelauan        tkl        ko, te
Tongan           ton        e, gaahi, ko, koe, ngaahi
Tuvalu           tvl        a, ko, ne, ni, se, te
Uvea             map        ko, ye