Research impact defined...
Research impact is the demonstrable contribution that research makes to the economy, society, culture, national security, public policy or services, health, the environment, or quality of life, beyond contributions to academia. -- Australian Research Council
Impact metrics are...
- Quantified and presented in a variety of ways depending upon the tool used, the publisher of that tool, and the method of calculation employed;
- Part of a complex, and somewhat subjective system;
- Incorporated into various tools, websites, and databases;
- Used to support Publishing strategies, Promotion & Tenure (P&T).