Here are a few types of information to be aware of when interpreting your information environment:
These are the easiest to debunk and often come from known sham sites that are designed to look like real news outlets. They may include misleading photographs and headlines that, at first read, sound like they could be real.
These are the hardest to debunk, because they often contain a kernel of truth: A fact, event or quote that has been taken out of context. Look for sensational headlines that aren't supported by the information in the article.
Highly partisan news
A type of misleading news, this may be an interpretation of a real news event where the facts are manipulated to fit an agenda.
The shocking or teasing headlines of these stories trick you into clicking for more information -- which may or may not live up to what was promised.
This one is tough, because satire doesn't pretend to be real and serves a purpose as commentary or entertainment. But if people are not familiar with a satire site, they can share the news as if it is legitimate
Citation: Willngham, AJ. 2016, November 18. “Here’s How to Outsmart Fake News in Your Facebook Feed. CNN. http://www.cnn.com/2016/11/18/tech/how-to-spot-fake-misleading-news-trnd/