Data Management

The OSTP Memo

The 2013 Public Access to Federally Funded Research memo from the White House Office of Science and Technology Policy directed federal grant-funding agencies to "develop plans to make the published results of federally funded research freely available to the public within one year of publication and requiring researchers to better account for and manage the digital data resulting from federally funded scientific research". Many grant agencies now require a data management plan that describes how research data will be preserved and published. For assistance in drafting data management plans or help finding information on grant agency requirements please contact the Digital Initiatives Librarian. 

Agency Requirements

Funding Agency

Timeline to Make Public

Repository Solutions

Public Access Plan

  Article Data Article Repository Data Repository Links to Public Access Plan
Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality 12 months With article publication PubMed Central Commercial repository PA Plan

Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response (HHS)*

12 months Within 30 months of collection PubMed Central

Publicly accessible repository

PA Plan
Center for Disease Control (HSS)* 12 months With article publication and/or within 30 months of collection

CDC Stacks via NIHMS

National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS) or CDC WONDER

PA Plan

Food and Drug Administration (HHS)*

12 months With article publication PubMed Central Disciplinary data repositories, where available PA Plan

Institute of Education Science


12 months TBD ERIC None specified or endorsed PA Plan

National Aeronautics and Space Administration

FAQ 1 | FAQ 2

12 months With article publication PubSpace NASA archives (see question 16 on FAQ) or other repository PA Plan

National Institutes of Health (HHS)*


12 months With article publication PubMed Central Multiple solutions including NIH-supported repositories PA Plan
National Institute for Standards and Technology 12 months 12 months from article publication PubMed Central via NIST interface EDI registry of datasets PA Plan

National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration

12 months 12 months from collection NOAA Institutional Repository, using CDC Stacks Multiple solutions (short term) + NOAA Data Centers (long term) PA Plan

National Science Foundation


12 months TBD NSF Public Access Repository (PAR) An “appropriate repository”

PA Plan


Smithsonian Institution

Directive 609 and 610

12 months 12 months from collection SRO Smithsonian-managed and/or Smithsonian-approved repository PA Plan

U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID)


Not addressed Within 12 months of publication or patent is pending Not addressed USAID repository: Development Data Library, or other appropriate repository PA Plan
U.S. Department of Agriculture 12 months TBD PubAg USDA registry of datasets, other repository options PA Plan
U.S. Department of Defense 12 months Within a reasonable time frame

Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC)

Public repository

PA Plan

U.S. Department of Energy

FAQ 1 | FAQ 2

12 months With article publication Public Access Gateway for Energy and Science (PAGES) Depends on the office within the DOE PA Plan

U.S. Department of Transportation


12 Months With article publication National Transportation Library Publicly accessible repositories, "Conformant Repositories"  PA Plan

U.S. Geological Survey 


12 months With article publication Internal USGS-only Information Product Data System - Dark Archive (Oct. 2016) Approved USGS server (Oct. 2016) PA Plan

U.S. Department of Veteran Affairs


12 months TBD PubMed Central Partner with HHS, NIH, FDA, and DoD on “effective mechanisms" PA Plan


Table and information reused with permission, originally by Betty Rozum at Utah State University. Available at