For some of the scholarships, you will need to find an affiliate university or organization, such as for the Fulbright.
For the Fulbright, students undertaking study/research awards will affiliate with universities, although in some countries it is possible to affiliate with other types of organizations, such as research institutes or government ministries. Affiliation requirements vary by country, so before starting the application you should note the specific requirements for the Fulbright specific requirements for the proposed host country. Most countries will require a formal affiliation letter that should come from the institution/individual in the host country with whom you are proposing to work. It should be written in or translated to English, printed on official letterhead and should be signed by the author. The following resources will help you find a host country affiliation.
Web of Science is a multi-disciplinary database that allows you to search published scholarly research in many different ways. For instance, you can search for research from an organization (in the image below, Iceland) on a particular topic (in the image below, climate and policy). You can then look at the results to find scholars and universities that are working on research that you are interested in.
HERE IS WHERE YOU CAN SEARCH WEB OF SCIENCE:
Where is climate policy research being done in Iceland.
1. Find research on climate policy that is being done in Iceland over the last 5 years:
2. Click "Analyze results" to see charts of the research by organizations.
3. Analyze results by Organization to see where the research is happening.
In this example, University of Iceland has produced the most published research on this topic in Iceland.
Note that some of the institutions are not in Iceland. This search found research that had at least one researcher in Iceland, but when you analyze by organization, it takes into account the organizations of all the researchers.
4. Look at specific research articles
You can find contact information for the authors as well as learning about the research that has already been done on this topic.