Literature Reviews

This guide provides information on how to complete a literature review

Best Practices for Communicating Your Research

See this guide for more information on:

  • Different Research Types and Methodologies
  • Authorship Guidelines
  • Research Transparency

Organizing and Citing Resources

Citation Managers

There are many different ways to organize your references, but the easiest way is through a citation manager. Citation managers allow us to save, organize, and share articles and references. A few of the citation managers that the library promotes are Zotero, Mendeley, and EndNote. EndNote is a subscription-based citation manager. Zotero and Mendeley are free to use. 

Citation Styles 

The library has created a citation styles guide for additional information on the different citation styles.

Avoiding Plagiarism

6 Ways to Avoid Plagiarism (from WriteCheck)
  1. Paraphrase 

Let's say you have found information that is perfect for your research paper. Read it and put it into your own words. Make sure that you do not copy verbatim more than two words in a row from the text you have found. If you do use more than two words together, you will have to use quotation marks. We will get into quoting properly soon.

  1. Cite

Citing is one of the effective ways to avoid plagiarism. Follow the document formatting guidelines (i.e., APA, MLA, Chicago, etc.) used by your educational institution or the institution that issued the research request. This usually entails the addition of the author(s) and the date of the publication or similar information. Citing is really that simple. Not citing properly can constitute plagiarism.

  1. Quote

When quoting a source, use the quote exactly the way it appears. No one wants to be misquoted. Most institutions of higher learning frown on “block quotes” or quotes of 40 words or more. A scholar should be able to effectively paraphrase most material. This process takes time, but the effort pays off! Quoting must be done correctly to avoid plagiarism allegations.

  1. Cite Quotes

Citing a quote can be different than citing paraphrased material. This practice usually involves the addition of a page number or a paragraph number in the case of web content.

  1. Cite Your Own Material

If some of the material you are using for your research paper was used by you in your current class, a previous one, or anywhere else you must cite yourself. Treat the text the same as you would if someone else wrote it. It may sound odd, but using the material you have used before is called self-plagiarism, and it is not acceptable.

  1. Reference

One of the most important ways to avoid plagiarism is including a reference page or page of works cited at the end of your research paper. Again, this page must meet the document formatting guidelines and style used by your educational institution, department, instructor, or adviser. This information is very specific and includes the author(s), date of publication, title, and source. Follow the directions for this page carefully. You will want to get the references right.

Check Research Papers

Be sure to edit your research paper carefully and check for plagiarism before turning it into your instructor or submitting it for publication. The steps above are essential for research paper writing. Using plagiarism checker services is a great way to assess your paraphrasing and other anti-plagiarism skills, though this software shouldn't be relied upon alone. Most educators and educational institutions are using some kind of plagiarism checker software to check students’ papers. Do not take the chance of not checking your research paper. Plagiarism could mean the loss of your academic degree or career.