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Indigenous Health

Citing Indigenous Elders & Knowledge Keepers

Western academic traditions do not offer a way to formally acknowledge the contributions and knowledge of Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers in academic publications.

To bridge this gap, you can use the citation templates created by Lorisa MacLeod (James Smith Cree Nation) in partnership with the staff of the NorQuest Indigenous Student Center


MacLeod, L. (2021). More Than Personal Communication: Templates For Citing Indigenous Elders and Knowledge Keepers. KULA: Knowledge Creation, Dissemination, and Preservation Studies, 5(1).