A peer-reviewed or refereed journal is one in which the articles are subjected to analysis by specialists or scholars in the same discipline. The subject experts review a draft of the article to evaluate the quality of scholarship; clarity and soundness of the research and conclusions; its contribution to the field, etc. The reviewers might suggest modifications to the article prior to publication.
Three types of review processes are:
Single-blinded whereby the reviewer knows the author's name but the author(s) do not know the identity of the reviewer.
Double-blinded whereby neither the reviewer nor the author(s) have knowledge of the other's identity.
Open / Community does not have an agreed upon definition. It comprises the components of openness in author or reviewer identities; interaction between authors, editors and reviewers, and / or participation of a wider community in the peer review process.