- Paraphrase - Found information that is perfect for your research paper? To paraphrase that information, read it and put it into your own words but make sure to cite where you found that information.
- Quoting - When quoting a source, use the quote exactly the way it appears. Quoting a source usually involves the name of the author, year of publication, and the page number.
- Citing Your Own Material - If some of the material you are using for your research paper was used by you in your current class, a previous one, or anywhere else you must cite yourself. Treat the text the same as you would if someone else wrote it. It may sound odd, but using material you have used before is called self-plagiarism, and it is not acceptable.
Did you know? Citation managers can also generate in-text citations so you can easily and effectively give credit to sources in your research paper. Want to find out how? Make an appointment with your subject librarian, stop by one of our drop-in clinics, or attend our upcoming monthly workshops!
Have questions about the writing process and how to effectively paraphrase and cite? Make an appointment with UND's Writing Center!