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Internal Medicine: Evidence-Based Medicine

Health Sciences Library

EBM Calculators

EBM Resources

Evidence Based Medicine 5S System

The 5S System of EBM is used in all of the health professions. The 5S's are systems, summaries, synopses, syntheses and studies.

Some other useful articles are listed below:

Of studies, syntheses, synopses, summaries, and systems: the “5S” evolution of information services for evidence-based health care decisions
ACP Journal Club. 2006 Nov-Dec;145:A8.

Accessing preappraised evidence: fine-tuning the 5S model into a 6S model
ACP Journal Club. 2009 Sep 15;151:JC3-2.

Improving journal club presentations, or, I can present that paper in under 10 minutes
ACP Journal Club. 2007 Jul-Aug;147:A8.

More information on Evidence-Based Medicine can be found on the Evidence-Based Healthcare How-To Guide.


Summaries of results of high-quality systematic reviews, guidelines and algorithms


Structured abstracts of high-quality systematic reviews or original articles


High-quality systematic reviews


Research studies that must be appraised individually

Alternatives to 5S: EBM Meta Search Engines

Search multiple websites, databases, etc. for practice guidelines, systematic reviews, clinical guides and other resources with an EBM twist

Comparative/Clinical Effectiveness

Subject Guide

Erika Johnson's picture
Erika Johnson
Hours (virtual & in-person):
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School of Medicine & Health Sciences
Medical Education Center
1919 Elm St. N, Room 222
Fargo, ND 58102

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